Avian & Swine Influenza

AKA bird or swine flu

Swine Influenza

※ Pathogen & Disease Overview

In humans, Ebola Virus Disease (EVD), a viral hemorrhagic fever, is caused by four (out of six) viruses in the Ebolavirus genus. These four pathogenic species include Ebola virus (Zaire ebolavirus), Sudan virus (Sudan ebolavirus), Taï Forest virus (Taï Forest ebolavirus), and Bundibugyo virus (Bundibugyo ebolavirus). You may have heard of the Reston virus from Richard Preston's book, The Hot Zone, but there have been no confirmed human infections. Like Marburg virus, Ebolaviruses are members of the Filoviridae family and encode their genetic material as single-stranded, negative-sense RNA.

※ Zoonotic Origins

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※ Transmission

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※ Signs & Symptoms

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※ Epidemiology

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※ Prevention

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Sources

Bauerfeind, R., Von Graevenitz, A., Kimmig, P., Schiefer, H. G., Schwarz, T., Slenczka, W., & Zahner, H. (Eds.). (2016). Zoonoses: Infectious Diseases Transmissible Between Animals and Humans. ASM Press. (Original work published 2013)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017). Avian Influenza A Virus Infections in Humans. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. https://www.cdc.gov/flu/avianflu/avian-in-humans.htm

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019). Key Facts about Human Infections with Variant Viruses. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. https://www.cdc.gov/flu/swineflu/keyfacts-variant.htm

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. (2009). Antigenic Shift. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/Flu/Research/basic/Pages/AntigenicDriftIllustration.aspx

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